The autistic disorder is a life lasting neurological disorder involving also the childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger disorder, Rett disorder and the pervasive development disorder. Autism is registered as one of the five pervasive development disorders and is usually diagnosed around the age of three.
The first signs of autism occur during the early infancy and the disorder is usually diagnosed by the age of three when parents are alarmed by the abnormal development of their child. Infants mostly develop normally until the age of 2 when the growth as well as the mental development rapidly regresses. The autistic symptoms vary from one patient to another, from mild to severe forms.
Between the first warning signs is the abnormal response to different stimuli like light or sound. Noises may appear painful to them, smells are overwhelmingly strong and touches are receipted as pains.
Beside methods like behavior modification and communication skills development, autistic children and grown-ups must undergo dietary modifications and follow a certain medication as well.
Using dietary methods to treat the autistic disorder is still considered by some physicians controversial as it is surely known that diets cannot whatsoever cause autism. But autistic children may suffer from food allergies or slow digestion just like normally developed children of their age.
The autistic disorder is mainly characterized by the impaired social interaction as well as by the refusal of the patients to respond to their names or react to other people's eye contact. Autistic children can hardly integrate voices and usually look for facial expressions to give them cues about the behavior. They are unable to understand or show feelings and their behavior has a negative impact on the others.
Most of them cannot express themselves by voice; the ones who do that will refer to their own person by name instead of "me" or "I".
Parents suspect an abnormality in their children's development around 18months but see a doctor at the age of 2 of the child and the autistic disorder s only diagnosed at about 3-4 years when the child patient a lack of communication skills, lack of interest for social interaction, playing difficulties and a tendency towards aggressiveness to others and to themselves. In the regressive type of autism, children develop normally until the age of 2 when a pregnant regression of all the gained skills occurs.
Autism is a very complex and difficult to understand disorder. Patients suffering from its symptoms mainly suffer from the impossibility to communicate with others, express their own feelings or integrate other person's actions. The language they use is very limited but also very hard to interpret.
Children with the autistic disorder usually use the same word or phrase to express different situations. Some repeat sentences like "get in the car" as they associate it with going outside.
The Asperger syndrome affects children and adults patients by modifying their communication skills and making them unable to interact with the persons around them. The autistic disorder in most cases associates the lack of communication skills with learning disabilities.
The Asperger syndrome is an autistic disorder related to autism but with less symptoms or less serious modifications. The pure autism is rare, about one case in 5000 children and it occurs four times more often in male children than in girls.
There are several programs that one can use in order to change the wrongful behavior of an autistic child. Most of them are actually based on the training of the child to act in a more appropriate way when in society. Temper tantrums should be fought as soon as they appear in the patient, mostly by using a special holding technique on the child. Leaving the patient untreated may lid to severe complications. Symptoms must be fought as soon as they appear; if not wild and impulsive behavior may affect the autistic patient sometimes leading even to institutionalization.
Autism is the most classical condition from the group of autism spectrum diseases, including the Asperger syndrome, the Rett syndrome, the Childhood disintegrative disorder and the pervasive developmental disorder. The most important and frequent characteristics of autism are impaired social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication difficulties, repetitive actions, unusual interests and limited actions.
Male children have a four times more increased risk of developing autism than little girls.
Opinions about the effect of secretin when fighting autism are very mixed. While some say it has absolutely no effect on patients, other fervently sustain that the effects are dramatic if not curing the whole disease. Major studies have yet to be done and show any conclusive proof that this treatment either works or is a compleat failure. Still, the general opinion is that the truth is somewhere in the middle.
We will follow up now on a doctor's own little study on a number of patients with autism.